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Byatt, John (1862–1930)

by Neville Drummond

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, (MUP), 1979

John Byatt (1862-1930), educationist, was born on 7 October 1862 in London, son of John Byatt, printer, and his wife Sarah, née Ferris. Eldest in a family of two boys and two girls, he was educated in London, had five years as a pupil-teacher, trained at the Congregational Borough Road Training Institution, and taught in London elementary schools for seventeen years. He was a graduate, licentiate and examiner of the Tonic Sol-fa College, organizing, and conducting at, many musical festivals. Byatt's other vital interest was sloyd: after two years study at the Slöyd Seminarium, Nääs, Sweden, he organized teachers' woodwork and manual training classes, was appointed an examiner, and gained advanced manual qualifications in London and Leipzig, Germany.

Seeking a qualified manual training organizer and instructor, the Education Department of Victoria engaged Byatt from 2 April 1900 at a salary of £500. With his wife Alice Elizabeth, née Chambers, a teacher whom he had married in London on 29 July 1893, Byatt sailed on 2 April 1900 in the Karlsruhe. From 3 April 1905 he was appointed permanently as inspector of manual training and drawing. Training centres, introduced by him into Victoria in 1900, had so multiplied by 1913 that some 10,000 boys were learning woodwork. He lectured to sloyd teachers in Victoria, New South Wales and Tasmania, and in 1902-05 published in the Education Gazette and Teachers' Aid articles on paperwork and cardboard modelling.

Talented and painstaking, Byatt was often required for additional duties. He served three periods as an ordinary school inspector; organized and supervised several summer schools for teachers; was treasurer of the 1906 and 1913 education exhibitions; and secretary of the vast State schools jubilee exhibition of September 1922. Asked in 1915 to reorganize school music, Byatt revitalized singing-teaching, personally training and examining many teachers, and promoting the Tonic Sol-fa system; not until 1925, however, was he officially appointed as an inspector of singing as well as of manual training.

A devout Christian, Byatt studied Greek, Hebrew and theology, often while journeying by buggy from school to school. He attended lectures at Ridley College and had gained his Th.L. by January 1923. As a lay preacher, he occupied both Methodist and Anglican pulpits. Interested in dynamics, archaeology, Esperanto, old brasses, trees and philately, he joined various clubs and societies: astronomical, historical, field naturalist, and microscopical. He retired on 7 October 1927, not once since 1900 having been absent from official duty through illness. On 4 September 1930 Byatt died of coronary vascular disease and was cremated; he was survived by his wife, and by his son (a clergyman) and daughter (a teacher).

Select Bibliography

  • C. R. Long (ed), Souvenir of the Summer School, Quarantine Station, Portsea (Melb, 1909)
  • Education Gazette (Victoria), 20 Apr 1922, 25 Oct 1927
  • R. S. Stevens, Music in State Supported Education in New South Wales and Victoria, 1848-1920 (Ph.D. thesis, University of Melbourne, 1977)
  • register of career of J. Byatt (History section, Education Dept, Melbourne)
  • Education Department, special case 1174 (Public Record Office Victoria).

Citation details

Neville Drummond, 'Byatt, John (1862–1930)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/byatt-john-5456/text9267, published first in hardcopy 1979, accessed online 18 October 2018.

This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, (MUP), 1979

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