This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Supplementary Volume, (MUP), 2005
George Benjamin William Lewis (1818-1906), circus owner and theatrical entrepreneur, was born on 19 November 1818 in London, and baptized in St Clement Dane's Church of England, Westminster, son of William Lewis and his wife Susan. George joined Ducrow's circus as a child and became a gymnast and ringmaster in Hengler's circus. After touring Europe in 1849-51, he claimed to have earned £30,000. With this fortune he came to Victoria late in 1853, reaching Geelong accompanied by a 14-year-old boy called Tom, his pupil and part of a 'Risley' gymnastic act. Late next year, in partnership with the American hotelkeeper Thomas Mooney, Lewis opened Astley's Amphitheatre, Spring Street, Melbourne, a brick and timber structure for equestrian drama and circus. This venture failed and the building later became the first Princess Theatre.
After moderate success touring the goldfields with his circus, Lewis took his company to China in 1859. Back in Melbourne the troupe appeared at Coppin's Cremorne Gardens. Abandoning equestrian shows in 1863, he formed a dramatic company, which toured British communities in Asia. At Shanghai in 1864 he married Rose Edouin Bryer (1844-1925), an English-born actress known as Rose Edouin. From a talented theatrical family, she had been born on 29 January 1844 at Brighthelmston (Brighton), Sussex, and had performed in Victoria with the American comedian Joseph Jefferson [q.v.4]. There were to be at least seven children of the marriage.
From 1867 the Lewises opened seasonal dismountable theatres on the Calcutta maidan, India. Until early 1876 the couple and their company commuted from Australia to China and India, playing Shakespeare and melodramas such as East Lynne. Rose played roles ranging from Romeo to Lady Macbeth. Their last season (1875-76) featured J. C. Williamson and Maggie Moore. Returning to Melbourne, in November 1876 Lewis became the first lessee of the Academy of Music (Bijou Theatre), Bourke Street. By 1878 he had both the Bijou and the Opera House, with Rose as 'directress'. Their connection with the Bijou ended in 1885. During the 1880s Mrs Lewis opened a school of elocution and formed a company of juveniles who starred in her productions of H.M.S. Pinafore in Melbourne and Sydney. In the same decade the couple leased theatres in Sydney and in New Zealand. Lewis's success was reflected by his investment in Melbourne property; he owned several houses in St Kilda Road. By the late 1880s they were living in semi-retirement.
Lewis lost heavily in the depression of the 1890s. Rose returned to the stage and in 1892 had success in London at her brother Willie Edouin's Strand Theatre. In Australia again after a tour of South Africa, she continued her school which, with her stage appearances in Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide
Mimi Colligan, 'Lewis, George Benjamin William (1818–1906)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/lewis-george-benjamin-william-13045/text23589, published first in hardcopy 2005, accessed online 23 April 2017.
This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Supplementary Volume, (MUP), 2005