Australian Dictionary of Biography

  • Tip: searches only the name field
  • Tip: Use double quotes to search for a phrase

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

Sir Matthew Harris (1841–1917)

by Martha Rutledge

This article was published:

Sir Matthew Harris (1841-1917), alderman, was born on 18 September 1841 at Magherafelt, Londonderry, Ireland, third son of John Harris (d.1846), merchant, and his wife Nancy, née McKee. On inheriting part of his great-uncle John Harris's estate, his father migrated to New South Wales with his family, including Matthew and John, and reached Sydney probably in August 1844. Matthew was educated at the Normal Institution, Sydney Grammar School and the University of Sydney (B.A., 1863). On 4 August 1868 in Sydney he married Frances Lane (d.1915) with Free Church of England rites.

On reaching the age of 21 Harris had inherited considerable property including some twenty acres (8 ha) in the Sydney suburb of Ultimo. Like his three brothers and sister, he built a big house, Warrane, at Crown Road, and surrounded it with terraces, and spent his time managing his real estate.

In 1883-1900 Harris represented Denison Ward on the Sydney Municipal Council. A free trader and staunch supporter of (Sir) George Reid, he represented Sydney-Denison in the Legislative Assembly in 1894-1901. In the House he rarely spoke, but in 1896 carried the Municipal Council of Sydney Electric Lighting Act. He was mayor of Sydney in 1898, 1899 and 1900 but faced with a large deficit—including that on the Queen Victoria Building (which he opened in July 1898)—and allegations that the council was inefficient, he was unable to introduce reforms (or electric lighting) and complained that the council lacked the power to sweep away slums. In mid-1899 he put forward a unitary plan for a 'Greater Sydney' in which a metropolitan council would replace existing authorities and be given the power to control water supply, sewerage, abattoirs, traffic, building regulation, parks, libraries, art galleries and fire prevention. While mayor he became a friend of the governor Earl Beauchamp, helped to organize the Commonwealth inaugural celebrations and welcomed the governor-general Lord Hopetoun.

A director from 1896, Harris was president of Sydney Hospital in 1912-17, and regularly attended its weekly house committee meetings. He was also a vice-president of the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales and president of the Wentworth Park trust and of the Australasian Pioneers' Club (1912). Knighted in 1899, he had bought Etham, Darling Point, in 1900. He built up a fine library with many rare Australiana books and was a notable collector of objets d'art, particularly Japanese. Bearded and handsome, if somewhat solidly built, he was apt to 'roar like a lion' at his family.

On 8 June 1917 Harris died in hospital at Potts Point and was buried in the family vault at Rookwood cemetery with Presbyterian forms. He was survived by six sons (two of whom served with the British Army in World War I) and by two daughters; the elder, Nancy, married Dr C. Carty Salmon, the younger, estranged from her father, challenged his will in the Supreme Court. His estate was valued for probate at £32,792—he had given some £250,000 to his children in 1913.

His portrait, painted posthumously by Herbert Beecroft, is in Sydney Town Hall.

Select Bibliography

  • F. A. Larcombe, The Stabilization of Local Government in New South Wales (Syd, 1976)
  • F. A. Larcombe, The Advancement of Local Government in New South Wales 1906 to the Present (Syd, 1978)
  • John Harris, ‘Governor's errors, silly, but colossal’, Canberra Historical Journal, Mar 1981
  • Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 14 July 1894
  • Sydney Mail, 25 Dec 1897
  • Town and Country Journal, 10 June 1899, 13 June 1917
  • Sydney Morning Herald, 9 June 1917, 5 July 1918, 8 Oct 1919, 18 Mar 1937
  • Sir Matthew Harris papers (State Library of New South Wales)
  • private information.

Citation details

Martha Rutledge, 'Harris, Sir Matthew (1841–1917)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1983, accessed online 18 April 2024.

This article was published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, (Melbourne University Press), 1983

View the front pages for Volume 9

© Copyright Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2006-2024

Life Summary [details]


18 September, 1841
Magherafelt, Londonderry, Ireland


8 June, 1917 (aged 75)
Potts Point, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.