Australian Dictionary of Biography

  • Tip: searches only the name field
  • Tip: Use double quotes to search for a phrase

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

Patrick Joseph Hartigan (1878–1952)

by G. P. Walsh

This article was published:

Patrick Joseph Hartigan (1878-1952), priest and poet, was born on 13 October 1878 at O'Connell Town, Yass, New South Wales, eldest surviving son of Patrick Joseph Hartigan, produce merchant, and his wife Mary, née Townsell, both from Lisseycasey, Clare, Ireland. After attending the convent school at Yass, he entered St Patrick's College, Manly, in February 1892 but, uncertain of his vocation for the priesthood, left for St Patrick's College, Goulburn, where he studied under the noted classicist Dr John Gallagher, later bishop of Goulburn. He returned to Manly in 1898 and was ordained priest on 18 January 1903. After a curacy of seven years at Albury, he became inspector of schools for the vast diocese of Goulburn in 1910 and was based at Thurgoona near Albury. He was one of the first curates in the State with a motor car; in 1911 he took the last sacraments to Jack Riley of Bringenbrong, said to have been A. B. Paterson's 'The Man from Snowy River'. In 1916 he was appointed priest-in-charge of Berrigan and next year parish priest of Narrandera.

All this time Hartigan was a keen student of Australian literature. In 1906 he began publishing verse in such journals as the Albury Daily News, Catholic Press and the Bulletin under the pen-name 'Mary Ann'. Encouraged by George Robertson, C. J. Dennis and others, he published Around the Boree Log and Other verses, under the pseudonym 'John O'Brien', in November 1921. Recording with humour and pathos the lively faith, solid piety and everyday lives of the people around him, Hartigan successfully combined the old faith of Ireland with the mateship and ethos of the bush, towards the end of an age when the small selectors and squatters went by sulky or 'shandrydan' to 'The Church Upon the Hill'.

'We'll all be rooned', said Hanrahan,
In accents most forlorn,
Outside the church, ere Mass began,
One frosty Sunday morn.

'Said Hanrahan' and the other poems were an instant success. Dennis hailed them in the Bulletin as in 'the direct Lawson-Paterson line mainly—unaffected talk about Australians, much as they would naturally talk about themselves'. Around the Boree Log ran to five editions and 18,000 copies by 1926, was widely popularized throughout eastern Australia by the recitations of John Byrne ('The Joker'), acclaimed in Ireland and the United States of America, and made into a film in 1925. Twenty poems were set to music by Dom S. Moreno of New Norcia, Western Australia, in 1933.

Hartigan was a popular figure in the town and community. His years at Narrandera were happy if arduous, disturbed only perhaps by the sectarianism engendered by the Sister Liguori case. His poems and short stories regularly appeared, many in the religious journal, Manly. Advancing age, ill health and a desire to carry out more historical research led Hartigan to retire as pastor of Narrandera in 1944; he became chaplain of the Convent of the Sacred Heart, Rose Bay. In Sydney he was a familiar figure in the Mitchell Library and wrote a series of articles, 'In Diebus Illis', recording the struggles of the pioneer clergy, published in the Australasian Catholic Record in 1943-45 and posthumously in book form as The men of '38 … (Kilmore, 1975). Still much in demand as occasional speaker and preacher, in 1947 he was appointed domestic prelate with the title of right reverend monsignor in October 1947. His main comforts in his semi-retirement were the love of his near relations, receiving visitors (especially from Narrandera) and watching the shipping on the harbour. Ill with cancer from 1951 he completed On Darlinghurst Hill (Sydney, 1952), written for the centenary of the Sacred Heart Parish.

Hartigan died in Lewisham Hospital on 27 December 1952 and, after a requiem Mass in St Mary's Cathedral, was buried beside his parents in North Rocks cemetery.

Tall, handsome in his young days, and impressive always, Hartigan for all his broad humanity and kindliness was shy and somewhat detached. Possessed of a dry humour underlain by a touch of wistfulness, he was a good conversationalist and raconteur: literature, art, cricket, horses, the land and cars were ready subjects. He was an excellent, yet undemonstrative preacher—his addresses, including panegyrics on his friends, with their pervading poetic imagery, sense of history and heartfelt sincerity are beautiful examples of Irish-Australian oratory.

Much of 'John O'Brien's' unpublished verse appeared in The Parish of St. Mel's (Sydney, 1954). A selection of his poems, illustrated by the paintings of Patrick Carroll, was published as Around the Boree Log (Sydney, 1978). A portrait by E. M. Smith is at St Patrick's College, Manly.

Select Bibliography

  • F. A. Mecham, John O'Brien and the Boree Log (Syd, 1981) and for bibliography
  • Catholic Weekly (Sydney), 8, 15, 22 May 1952, 1 Jan 1953, 9 Sept 1971
  • Sydney Morning Herald, 6 Mar 1976.

Citation details

G. P. Walsh, 'Hartigan, Patrick Joseph (1878–1952)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1983, accessed online 26 May 2024.

This article was published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, (Melbourne University Press), 1983

View the front pages for Volume 9

© Copyright Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2006-2024

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • John O'Brien
  • O'Brien, John
  • Mary Ann

13 October, 1878
Yass, New South Wales, Australia


27 December, 1952 (aged 74)
Lewisham, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.