Australian Dictionary of Biography

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Wilfred Frank Flexmore Hudson (1913–1988)

by John Dally

This article was published:

Wilfred Frank Flexmore Hudson (1913-1988), poet, short-story writer and schoolteacher, was born on 22 September 1913 at Charters Towers, Queensland, eldest of four sons of Wilfred Flexmore Hudson, a Tasmanian-born Baptist minister, and his wife Irene Maud, née Rathbone, from Rockhampton. The family moved often before settling in Adelaide in 1924; Flexmore attended thirteen primary schools in Australia and New Zealand. Completing his secondary education at Adelaide High School, he was a keen rower, sculler, swimmer and boxer. A student at Adelaide Teachers’ College, he also enrolled in the arts faculty at the University of Adelaide, but did not finish his degree. He taught at small country schools including Narrowie (1936), Caliph (1937), Hammond (1939-41) and Lucindale (1942-45).

On 17 January 1938 at the office of the principal registrar, Adelaide, Hudson married Myrle Desmond (d.1979). In 1941 he launched Poetry, an influential periodical that he edited for six years and which was initially very successful. Although a friend of Rex Ingamells, he was a lukewarm Jindyworobak supporter, not sharing the enthusiasm for Aboriginal culture that partly characterised the movement. Invited to edit the 1943 Jindyworobak Anthology, he chose an initial selection of poems deemed by Ingamells to be insufficiently `Jindyworobak’. Hudson made a few changes and the anthology was published, more or less with Ingamells’s blessing.

In 1946 Hudson resigned from the Education Department and freelanced. He wrote for the Australian Broadcasting Commission and produced a children’s history that was serialised in an educational `comic’ and later published as a book, The Story of the Polynesians (1948). Living on the proceeds of a Commonwealth Literary Fund fellowship awarded in 1946, he began a novel but abandoned it. Forced to discontinue Poetry in 1947 and left with a crippling debt of £400, he escaped to sea in a schooner for about a year. In 1950-63 he was senior English master at Scotch College. Also the school’s rowing coach, he was proud of the success achieved by his teams. He later taught at King’s College, Henley High and, finally, at Adelaide Boys High schools, retiring in 1978.

As a writer, Hudson had a minor but distinct talent. He published six books of poetry between 1937 and 1959, displaying in them a lyrical skill in depicting the Australian landscape and a tendency to polemicise. Probably the collections As Iron Hills: Poems (1944) and Pools of the Cinnabar Range (1959) contain the best examples of his poetry. `Song of Australia’ and `Drought’ have been frequently anthologised while his reflective, philosophical `To a Cuttlefish’ was thought by the poet himself to be probably his best work. In 1985 a collection of his short stories, Tales from Corytella (compiled and edited by Adam Dutkiewicz), was published.

A humanist, Hudson leaned towards Buddhism. He had been active in the peace movement and the Fellowship of Australian Writers in the 1950s. Despite a succession of life-threatening illnesses, he was fit and physically compact, with handsome features and brown hair. He usually sported a small moustache. In later years he developed diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease, and suffered a stroke. Survived by his son, he died on 14 May 1988 at Kings Park, Adelaide, and was cremated.

Select Bibliography

  • J. Tregenza, Australian Little Magazines 1923-1954 (1964)
  • B. Elliott (compiler), The Jindyworobaks (1979)
  • P. Depasquale, Flexmore Hudson (1981)
  • K. Preiss and P. Oborn, The Torrens Park Estate (1991)
  • H. de Berg, interview with F. Hudson (transcript, 1969, National Library of Australia)
  • J. Dally, The Jindyworobak Movement, 1935-1945 (PhD thesis, Flinders University, 1978)
  • Hudson papers (National Library of Australia and State Library of South Australia)
  • personal knowledge.

Related Entries in NCB Sites

Citation details

John Dally, 'Hudson, Wilfred Frank Flexmore (1913–1988)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 2007, accessed online 18 June 2024.

This article was published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 17, (Melbourne University Press), 2007

View the front pages for Volume 17

© Copyright Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2006-2024

Life Summary [details]


22 September, 1913
Charters Towers, Queensland, Australia


14 May, 1988 (aged 74)
Kings Park, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.