Australian Dictionary of Biography

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Schulim Krimper (1893–1971)

by Terence Lane

This article was published:

Schulim Krimper (1893-1971), cabinet-maker, was born on 28 July 1893 at Sereth, Bukovina, Austria-Hungary (Rumania), youngest of five children of Rabbi Jacob Wolf Neutuch. Orphaned at the age of 9, Schulim lived with his eldest married sister for three years before being apprenticed to a local cabinet-maker. He completed his articles and remained with his master until the outbreak of World War I, in which he served with the Austro-Hungarian artillery.

After the war Krimper travelled through central Europe, working in such centres as Prague and Vienna. In the early 1920s he settled in Berlin. As a Jew, he suffered from the rise to power of Hitler and the National Socialists and was thwarted in his plans to set up his own business. He married Elsbeth Leipziger on 25 January 1938 in Berlin. By August he was employed in the joinery of a training centre for Jews who wished to emigrate.

In November the Krimpers were granted permission to emigrate to Australia. En route they spent six months in England where Schulim helped to supervise the building of a refugee camp. They arrived in Melbourne on 17 August 1939. Krimper was naturalized in 1945. The war and immediate postwar years were difficult for him, but his friendship with Robert Haines, assistant-director of the National Gallery of Victoria, led the gallery to acquire two of his major cabinets in 1948, to an important exhibition at Georges Gallery in 1951 and to another at the Rockefeller Centre, New York, in 1956. A retrospective exhibition followed at the N.G.V. in 1959.

During the 1950s and 1960s Krimper was Melbourne's premier supplier of custom-made furniture in the modern style. His ability to reveal the beauties of his timbers was legendary, as was the finesse of construction of his furniture. He was the first cabinet-maker in Victoria to demand—and receive—for his craft the respect which had previously been accorded only to painters and sculptors.

Even in his earliest days in Melbourne a certain mystique surrounded his name. Many of his customers—often fellow immigrants—were in awe of him, and his demeanour did little to put them at ease. When they visited his St Kilda workshop he was rarely to be found at work. Eventually he emerged from the office, wearing a smock or dustcoat, a French beret and—when the mood took him—a monocle. He liked to be known simply by his surname.

Krimper suffered his first heart attack in the mid-1960s. Although his output had been steadily declining since the peak in the late 1950s, when he employed six assistants, he continued working every day until his death. Survived by his wife and daughter, he died on 18 August 1971 at St Kilda and was buried in Springvale cemetery. The N.G.V. held a memorial exhibition in 1975. His work is represented in the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, the art galleries of Queensland and South Australia, and the Powerhouse Museum, Sydney.

Select Bibliography

  • T. Lane and M. Strizic, Schulim Krimper (Melb, 1987) and for bibliography
  • Herald (Melbourne), 19 Dec 1955, 20 Sept 1956, 7 May 1969, 25 Aug 1971, 9 Apr 1975
  • Age (Melbourne), 7 Apr 1975
  • Australian, 15 Oct 1981.

Citation details

Terence Lane, 'Krimper, Schulim (1893–1971)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 2000, accessed online 25 May 2024.

This article was published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 15, (Melbourne University Press), 2000

View the front pages for Volume 15

© Copyright Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2006-2024

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Neutuch, Schulim

28 July, 1893
Sereth, Bukovina, Romania


18 August, 1971 (aged 78)
St Kilda, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.