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Walter Peeler (1887–1968)

by Anthony Staunton

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Walter Peeler (1887-1968), by unknown photographer, 1918

Walter Peeler (1887-1968), by unknown photographer, 1918

Australian War Memorial, D00016A

Walter Peeler (1887-1968), soldier and custodian of the Shrine of Remembrance, Melbourne, was born on 9 August 1887 at Barker's Creek, near Castlemaine, Victoria, eighth surviving child of William Peeler, a farmer and miner from Tasmania, and his English-born wife Mary Ellen, née Scott. His education is not recorded but he worked on his parents' orchard at Barker's Creek, then at Thompson's Foundry, Castlemaine, and in the Leongatha district. He married Emma Hewitt, on 10 July 1907 at the Congregational parsonage, Castlemaine.  They had five children but although they separated in the early 1920s they were never divorced and she predeceased him in 1964.

Peeler enlisted as a private in the Australian Imperial Force on 17 February 1916 and embarked with the machine-gun section of the 3rd Pioneer Battalion in June; he was promoted lance corporal on 6 November in France and was slightly wounded by shell-fire during the battle of Messines on 7 June 1917. Peeler was one of twenty-four Lewis-gunners of the 3rd Pioneers who were attached for anti-aircraft duties to the 37th Battalion for the assault on 4 October on Broodseinde Ridge, Belgium. He joined in the first wave, leading an attack against three enemy posts which were sniping the advancing Australians and then turned on a machine-gun post. He accounted for thirty of the enemy and for his fearlessness and fine example was awarded the Victoria Cross. Peeler remarked in 1966: 'I never saw the faces of those I killed. They were just men in an enemy uniform. It was simply them or me'. Exploitation of the Australian success that day was hampered by heavy rain. The 3rd Pioneers next attacked in shocking conditions on 12 October in the 2nd battle of Passchendaele; Peeler was wounded in the right arm. While recuperating he received his Victoria Cross from King George V at Buckingham Palace on 8 January 1918. He returned to his unit on 17 May and was promoted corporal two weeks later and sergeant on 30 July. Peeler arrived back in Australia on 11 October and was discharged on 10 December. He worked with the Victorian Department of Lands for six years and then took up an orchard, but returned to Melbourne to work on the staff of the Sunshine Harvester Works. He was appointed custodian of Victoria's Shrine of Remembrance in 1934.

During World War II Peeler, understating his age by fourteen years, enlisted in the 2nd A.I.F. in 1940 and saw service in the Syrian campaign as company quartermaster sergeant of 'D' Company, 2/2nd Pioneer Battalion. In June 1941 he led a patrol to recover four Australian wounded. His battalion was part of a small Australian force hastily landed in Java in February 1942 to assist the Dutch against the rapid Japanese advance; after the island's surrender to the Japanese he survived a long period on the Burma Railway. He was one of only three World War I V.C. winners then serving overseas, the others being Walter Brown and Arthur Blackburn. He returned to Australia in October 1945 to learn that his son Donald had been killed on Bougainville in December 1944 while serving with the 15th Battalion.

Wally Peeler resumed duty as custodian of the Shrine of Remembrance and was an early member of the Victorian Corps of Commissionaires. He was awarded the British Empire Medal in 1961 and retired in 1964.  From the early 1920s he lived with Kathleen Emma Peeler and they had four children.  Survived by two of his children from his first marriage and by Kathleen (d.1969) and three of their children, he died at South Caulfield on 23 May 1968 and was buried in Brighton cemetery. His medals are on display in the Hall of Valour at the Australian War Memorial.

Select Bibliography

  • C. E. W. Bean, The A.I.F. in France, 1917 (Syd, 1933)
  • G. Long, Greece, Crete and Syria (Canb, 1953)
  • L. Wigmore (ed), They Dared Mightily, second ed revised and condensed by J. Williams and A. Staunton (Canb, 1986)
  • Mufti, 1 Oct 1966
  • Sydney Morning Herald, 27, 28 Nov 1917, 11 Jan, 28 Aug 1918
  • Age (Melbourne), 29 Nov 1917, 24 Jan 1936, 19 Oct 1951, 24 May 1963
  • Herald (Melbourne), 31 Aug 1918
  • Argus (Melbourne), 12 Oct 1918
  • war diary, 3rd Pioneer Battalion, AIF, Oct 1917 (Australian War Memorial)
  • private information.

Citation details

Anthony Staunton, 'Peeler, Walter (1887–1968)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1988, accessed online 25 May 2024.

This article was published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, (Melbourne University Press), 1988

View the front pages for Volume 11

© Copyright Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2006-2024

Walter Peeler (1887-1968), by unknown photographer, 1918

Walter Peeler (1887-1968), by unknown photographer, 1918

Australian War Memorial, D00016A

Life Summary [details]


9 August, 1887
Barkers Creek, Victoria, Australia


23 May, 1968 (aged 80)
Caulfield, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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