Australian Dictionary of Biography

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Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5

View articles from the Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5

Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5

Period: 1851-1890
Names: K-Q
General Editor: Douglas Pike
Published in hardcopy 1974


This volume of the Australian Dictionary of Biography is the third of four for the 1851-1890 section. The first two volumes of this section and the two for 1788-1850 have already been published; six have been planned for the third section 1891-1939. This chionological division was designed to simplify production, for over six thousand articles aie likely to be included. A general index volume will be prepared when the three sections are completed.

The placing of each individual's name in the appropriate section has been generally determined by when he did his most important work (floruit). For articles that overlap the chronological division, preference has usually been given to the earlier period, although most of the important Federationists will appear in the third section.

The selection of names for inclusion in the Dictionary has been the result of much consultation and co-operation. After quotas were estimated, Working Parties in each State prepared provisional lists, which were widely circulated and carefully amended. Many of the names were obviously significant and worthy of inclusion. Others, less notable, were chosen simply as samples of the Australian experience. Some had to be omitted through lack of material, and thereby joined the great anonymous mass whose members richly deserve a more honoured place; however, many thousands of these names are accumulating in a 'Biographical Register' at the Dictionary headquarters in the Australian National University.

Most authors were nominated by the Working Parties, and the burden of writing has been shared almost equally by university historians and by members of historical and genealogical societies and other specialists. Most of the unsigned entries were prepared in the Dictionary ofiice.

The Dictionary is a project based on consultation and co-operation. The Australian National University has borne the cost of the headquarters staff, of much research and of some special contingencies, while other Australian universities have supported the project in various ways. Its policies have been determined by the National Committee, composed mainly of representatives from the Departments of History m each Australian university. At Canberra the Editorial Board has kept in touch with all these representatives and with the Working Parties, librarians, archivists and other local experts, as well as overseas correspondents and research assistants in each Australian capital. With such varied support the Australian Dictionary of Biography can truly be called a national project.


Special thanks aie due to Professor J. A. La Nauze for his helpful guidance as Chairman of the Editorial Board and to Dr R. A. Gollan for acting in his absence. Those who helped in planning the shape of the work have been acknowledged in earlier volumes.

For this volume the Dictionary is grateful for many privileges extended by the Austialian universities, especially the Australian National University.

For assistance overseas thanks are due to Peter Saunders and David Barron, Liaison Officers of the National Library of Australia in London; Dr T. I. Rae, National Libiary of Scotland; the Very Rev. J. B. Longmuir, Principal Clerk of Assembly, the Church of Scotland, Edinburgh; Institution of Royal Engineers, Chatham, Kent; Dr W. G. Baker, Edinburgh; the officials of the Public Record Office, Someiset House and the County Records Offices, and many clergy, archivists and others who have answered calls for help.

The Dictionary deeply regrets the death of such notable contributors as the Hon. Sir John Barry, Dr F. J. H. Blaess, Mrs M. Findlay, Rev. Dr F. Hambly, Sir Charles McDonald, A. D. Mickle, Miss J. E. Middleton and Fr O. Thorpe and of A. W. Bazley, Dr G. Buxton and Professor J. W. Davidson who, in their several capacities, greatly assisted the work of this and previous volumes.

Within Australia the Dictionary is greatly indebted to countless librarians and aichivists in Canberra and each State, to the secretaries of many historical and genealogical societies, to the Registrars-General of Births, Deaths and Marriages, and of Probates, whose generous co-operation has solved many problems. Warm thanks foi the free gift of their time and talents are due to all contributors and all membeis of the National Committee, Editorial Board and the Working Parties. For particulai advice the Dictionary owes much to Dr C. A. Empis Wemans, Ambassador for Portugal, Mrs B. G. Brent, Miss Alexandra Cameron, Frank Cusack, F. M. Doherty, Mrs Vivienne Ellis, Professor B. Gandevia, Dr I. Getzler, D. J. Grant, A. J. and Nancy Gray, Mrs Dorothy Green, Dr N. Gunson, David Henshaw, Fr W. Kennedy, R. A. Littlejohn, C. Kimberley MacDonald, Miss Jill Roe, Assoc. Professor K. F. Russell, Dr Dorothy Shineberg, Dr F. B. Smith, Dr R. C. Thompson and many others. Grateful acknowledgment is also due to the Director and staff of Melbourne University Press; to the editorial staff: N. B. Nairn, H. J. Gibbney, Nan Phillips, Martha Campbell, Sally O Neill, Suzanne Edgar and Deirdre Morris; to the painstaking assistance of Audrey Ferguson and Ruth Frappell in Sydney, Noeline Hall in Brisbane, E. Zalums in Adelaide, Wbndy Birman in Perth, Mary Nicholls in Tasmania and Margery Walton in New Zealand and to the administrative staff, Dorothy Smith and Norma Gregson.

Late in 1973 the General Editor, Professor D. H. Pike, became seriously ill and was unable to see through to their final stages the proofs of the present volume or personally to write the above Acknowledgments. These tasks were completed by the other members of the editorial staff of the Dictionary. At the end of that year Professor Pike reached the normal University retiring age. A tribute to his great service will most fittingly appear in Volume 6, which will bring to the half-way mark the original scheme of the Dictionary, and, like the present volume, substantially reflect his own planning.