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Reginald Ernest (Rex) Battarbee (1893–1973)

by Jane Hardy

This article was published:

Reginald Ernest Battarbee (1893-1973), by Axel Poignant, 1946

Reginald Ernest Battarbee (1893-1973), by Axel Poignant, 1946

National Library of Australia, nla.pic-an22838796 [detail]

Reginald Ernest (Rex) Battarbee (1893-1973), artist, was born on 16 December 1893 at Warrnambool, Victoria, fifth child of George Edward Battarbee, a bacon-curer from England, and his Irish wife Mary Miller, née Wilson. Educated at the local state school and at Warrnambool Academy, Reginald worked in his father's business, then turned to mixed farming. On 28 January 1916 he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force and in March 1917 joined the 58th Battalion in France. During the fighting at Bullecourt on 12 May he was shot through the chest, face and both arms. He was invalided to Australia in November and hospitalized until late 1920; his left arm remained crippled. Unable to resume farmwork, in 1921-23 'Rex' Battarbee studied commercial art in Melbourne, but developed a preference for the outdoor life of a landscape painter.

In 1928 he and fellow commercial artist John Gardner saved money to buy a T-model Ford which had been converted to a caravan: they set out on a fifteen-month trip, painting in Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland. Two years later they travelled to western New South Wales and the Flinders Ranges in South Australia. Their work appeared in successful exhibitions in Melbourne and Sydney. On an expedition to South and Central Australia in 1932, they showed their paintings at the Hermannsburg Lutheran mission, on the Finke River, west of Alice Springs in the Northern Territory. Returning to the Centre in 1934 to paint the Macdonnell and James ranges, Battarbee and Gardner again displayed their work at Hermannsburg—this time for the benefit of the Aborigines. The representation of places familiar to the local Aranda (Arunta) people had great impact; among the viewers was Albert Namatjira, then known simply as Albert, who asked for materials in order to do his own painting.

Rex's and Jack's brightly coloured landscapes attracted notice in Melbourne art circles, and they became prolific exhibitors and writers about inland Australia; in 1934 Battarbee won a Victorian centenary art prize for water-colour. He undertook his third visit to Central Australia in 1936 and found Albert still waiting for him at the mission. With the permission of the superintendent Pastor Friedrich Albrecht, Battarbee employed Albert as cameleer during excursions, each of one month, to Palm Valley and the Macdonnell Ranges. Battarbee taught Albert basic water-colour painting, and was astonished and inspired by his pupil's aptitude; he included three of Albert's works in his 1937 Royal South Australian Society of Arts showing in Adelaide and next year arranged a solo exhibition for Namatjira at the Fine Art Society Gallery, Melbourne.

About 1940 Battarbee moved permanently to Central Australia. He conducted classes for an expanding group of Aboriginal artists and arranged further exhibitions of Namatjira's paintings in the southern capitals. As the Hermannsburg school of water-colourists developed, Battarbee became its promoter and helped to regulate the supply and distribution of its works to art markets; he was a member (from 1943) and chairman (1951-56) of the Aranda Arts Council and a member of the two advisory committees also formed to protect the artists' interests. During World War II the authorities considered closing Hermannsburg on the ground that its German staff constituted a security risk. A compromise was reached, however, and in 1942 Battarbee was appointed a protector of Aborigines and Commonwealth government officer overseeing the mission. There, on 7 October 1950, he married with Lutheran forms 30-year-old Ada Bernice Loone, a Baptist lay missionary; Albrecht conducted the service.

The Battarbees lived at Alice Springs and opened an Aboriginal art gallery, Tmara-mara, in their home. Rex continued to paint and exhibit. In 1964-66 Bernice ran the Battarbee Centralian Arts gallery, Adelaide, while her husband was briefly a patient in the Repatriation General Hospital, Daw Park. Returning to Alice Springs, Battarbee was appointed O.B.E. in 1971 for his services to art and Aborigines. He had been attracted to Central Australia by the variety and luminosity of colours to be found in the region. Although he believed that he had a sound sense of colour and that his best paintings would be remembered, he also expressed the view that his discovery of Namatjira would outlive the memory of his own art. Battarbee was a fellow (1937) of the Royal South Australian Society of Arts; he wrote Modern Australian Aboriginal Art (Sydney, 1951) and—with his wife—Modern Aboriginal Paintings (Adelaide, 1971).

Of middle height, lean, dark complexioned and softly spoken, Battarbee listed his recreations as music, walking, athletics and gardening, as well as studying nature and the Australian Aborigines. Survived by his son and daughter, he died on 2 September 1973 in the Old Timers' Home, Alice Springs, and was buried with Methodist forms in the town's cemetery. His work is represented in the Art Gallery of South Australia and the National Gallery of Victoria.

Select Bibliography

  • T. G. H. Strehlow, Rex Battarbee (Syd, 1956)
  • J. D. Batty, Namatjira (Syd, 1963)
  • K. Dowdy, A Vagabond and His Easel (Warrnambool, Vic, 1984)
  • J. Hardy, R. and V. Megaw (eds), Heritage of Namatjira (Melb, 1991)
  • People (Sydney), 21 Nov 1951
  • Sun News-Pictorial (Melbourne), 16 July 1942
  • Herald (Melbourne), 3 Sept 1955
  • Sydney Morning Herald, 4 Sept 1973
  • T. G. Strehlow, interview with Battarbee, (transcript, 1960, National Library of Australia).

Related Entries in NCB Sites

Citation details

Jane Hardy, 'Battarbee, Reginald Ernest (Rex) (1893–1973)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1993, accessed online 18 July 2024.

This article was published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 13, (Melbourne University Press), 1993

View the front pages for Volume 13

© Copyright Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2006-2024

Reginald Ernest Battarbee (1893-1973), by Axel Poignant, 1946

Reginald Ernest Battarbee (1893-1973), by Axel Poignant, 1946

National Library of Australia, nla.pic-an22838796 [detail]

Life Summary [details]


16 December, 1893
Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia


2 September, 1973 (aged 79)
Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.